"Crypto Bosses Flex Political Muscle With 5,200% Surge in US Giving" - Bloomberg

"Tech experts urge Washington to resist crypto industry's influence" - Financial Times

"Crypto Has a New Foe in Washington: Techies" - Barron's

"Tech experts urge Congress to resist crypto lobbying" - New York Times

"Technologists draft an open letter to US lawmakers urging them to responsibly legislate crypto industry" - Web3 Is Going Great

Letter in Support of Responsible Fintech Policy

June 1, 2022

The Honorable Charles E. Schumer
Majority Leader
U.S. Senate
Washington, DC 20510

The Honorable Mitch McConnell
Minority Leader
U.S. Senate
Washington, DC 20510

The Honorable Nancy Pelosi
U.S. House of Representatives
Washington, D.C. 20510

The Honorable Kevin McCarthy
Minority Leader
U.S. House of Representatives
Washington, D.C. 20510

The Honorable Debbie Stabenow
Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
U.S. Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510

The Honorable John Boozman
Ranking Member
Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
U.S. Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510

The Honorable Sherrod Brown
Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs
U.S. Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510

The Honorable Patrick J. Toomey
Ranking Member
Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs
U.S. Senate
Washington, D.C. 2051

The Honorable Ron Wyden
Senate Committee on Finance
U.S. Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510

The Honorable Mike Crapo
Ranking Member
Senate Committee on Finance
U.S. Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510

The Honorable Maxine Waters
House Financial Services Committee
U.S. House of Representatives
Washington, D.C. 20510

The Honorable Patrick McHenry
Ranking Member
House Financial Services Committee
U.S. House of Representatives
Washington, D.C. 20510

Dear U.S. Congressional Leadership, Committee Chairs and Ranking Members,

We are 1500 computer scientists, software engineers, and technologists who have spent decades working in these fields producing innovative and effective products for a variety of applications in the fields of database technology, open-source software, cryptography, and financial technology applications.

Today, we write to you urging you to take a critical, skeptical approach toward industry claims that crypto-assets (sometimes called cryptocurrencies, crypto tokens, or web3) are an innovative technology that is unreservedly good. We urge you to resist pressure from digital asset industry financiers, lobbyists, and boosters to create a regulatory safe haven for these risky, flawed, and unproven digital financial instruments and to instead take an approach that protects the public interest and ensures technology is deployed in genuine service to the needs of ordinary citizens.

We strongly disagree with the narrative—peddled by those with a financial stake in the crypto-asset industry—that these technologies represent a positive financial innovation and are in any way suited to solving the financial problems facing ordinary Americans.

Not all innovation is unqualifiedly good; not everything that we can build should be built. The history of technology is full of dead ends, false starts, and wrong turns. Append-only digital ledgers are not a new innovation. They have been known and used since 1980 for rather limited functions.

As software engineers and technologists with deep expertise in our fields, we dispute the claims made in recent years about the novelty and potential of blockchain technology. Blockchain technology cannot, and will not, have transaction reversal or data privacy mechanisms because they are antithetical to its base design. Financial technologies that serve the public must always have mechanisms for fraud mitigation and allow a human-in-the-loop to reverse transactions; blockchain permits neither.

By its very design, blockchain technology is poorly suited for just about every purpose currently touted as a present or potential source of public benefit. From its inception, this technology has been a solution in search of a problem and has now latched onto concepts such as financial inclusion and data transparency to justify its existence, despite far better solutions to these issues already in use. Despite more than thirteen years of development, it has severe limitations and design flaws that preclude almost all applications that deal with public customer data and regulated financial transactions and are not an improvement on existing non-blockchain solutions.

Finally, blockchain technologies facilitate few, if any, real-economy uses. On the other hand, the underlying crypto-assets have been the vehicle for unsound and highly volatile speculative investment schemes that are being actively promoted to retail investors who may be unable to understand their nature and risk. Other significant externalities include threats to national security through money laundering and ransomware attacks, financial stability risks from high price volatility, speculation and susceptibility to run risk, massive climate emissions from the proof-of-work technology utilized by some of the most widely traded crypto-assets, and investor risk from large scale scams and other criminal financial activity.

We implore you to take a truly responsible approach to technological innovation and ensure that individuals in the US and elsewhere are not left vulnerable to predatory finance, fraud, and systemic economic risks in the name of technological potential which does not exist.

The catastrophes and externalities related to blockchain technologies and crypto-asset investments are neither isolated nor are they growing pains of a nascent technology. They are the inevitable outcomes of a technology that is not built for purpose and will remain forever unsuitable as a foundation for large-scale economic activity.

Given these vast externalities, together with the—at best still-ambiguous and at worst non-existent—uses of blockchain, we recommend that the Committee look beyond the hype and bluster of the crypto industry and understand not only its inherent flaws and extraordinary defects but also the litany of technological fallacies it is built upon.

We need to act now to protect investors and the global financial marketplace from the severe risks posed by crypto-assets and must not be distracted by technical obfuscations which mask an abject lack of technological utility. We thank you for your leadership on financial technology and regulation and urge you to consider our objective and independent expert judgments to guide your legislative priorities, which we remain happy to discuss anytime.

Lead Signatories

Affiliations are provided for identification purposes only. This letter expresses the views of the individual signatories, and should not be taken to be an official position of the institutions.
Sal Bayat Tim Bray Grady Booch ACM Fellow, IEEE Fellow, IBM Fellow Brennan Carley Proton Advisors Stephen Diehl David Gerard
Jürgen Geuter Alan Graham OCL Geoffrey Huntley Miguel de Icaza Patrick McConnell Macquarie University Luke Plant Django Software Foundation
Rufus Pollock Open Knowledge Foundation Matt Ranger Jorge Stolfi University of Campinas Steve Song Network Startup Resource Center Bruce Schneier Dave Troy 410 Labs Inc.
Darren W. Tseng Štefan Urbánek Open Knowledge Foundation Nicholas Weaver International Computer Science Institute Adam Wespiser SimSpace Corporation Molly White Jamie Zawinski Netscape Developer


Affiliations are provided for identification purposes only. This letter expresses the views of the individual signatories, and should not be taken to be an official position of the institutions.
A David Worley

A. E Currie

Aaron Dobbe

Aaron Goin

Aaron Greenspan
Think Computer Corporation

Aaron Huslage

Aaron Lehmann

Aaron Sarazan

Aaron Toponce

Abhay Rana

Abhishek Jaiswal

Adam Bachman

Adam Bouhmad

Adam Cornell

Adam David Burch

Adam Duke

Adam Eury

Adam Fowler

Adam Frisby

Adam Hoffman

Adam Jacob

Adam Kehoe

Adam Kemp

Adam Orrick
Fannie Mae

Adam Parsons

Adam Recvlohe

Adam Rice
Ask Adam

Adam Smith

Adrian Taylor

Adrián Barrera

Agustin Novoa

Ahmad Cheers

Aidan Pieper

Aidan Skinner

AJ Schuster

Akshat Mahajan

Alan Stange

Alan Stearns

Alan Vezina
Puget Sound Programming Python (PuPPY), PyCascades

Alastair Smith

Albertas Agejevas

Alberto De Luca

Alec Below

Alec Bramham

Alejandro Feldstein

Alejandro Giacometti

Alejandro Martínez Vieites

Alejandro Piad-Morffis
University of Havana

Aleksei Badarin

Alesandro Ortiz

Alessandro Brambilla

Alessandro Marrella

Alessandro Stamatto

Alessia Bellisario

Alessio Basso

Alex Baines

Alessio Basso

Alex Baines

Alex Benn

Alex Burka

Alex Fallenstedt

Alex Gu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Alex Hidalgo

Alex Hong
Google LLC

Alex Johnston

Alex Layne
Results Driven Marketing

Alex O’Byrne

Alex Poulsen

Alex Wiese

Alexander Dickinson

Alexander Hansen

Alexander Hill

Alexander Karan

Alexander Ramos

Alexander Turcic

Alexander Wissmann

Alexis Richardson

Alfons Haffmans

Alfonso Adriasola

Alfredo Méndez
Tech Executive

Alice Elizabeth Crawford
Google, LLC

Alison Buki

Allen Goodman

Allen Humphreys

Allen R. Belletti

Almond Ears

Alodia Rueda

Alok Agrawal
Ex techie (IIT, Berkeley, Oracle)

Alper Isin Duran

Alyssa Verkade

Amanda Casari

Amanda J. Carson

Amanda Linn

Amey Kulkarni

Amit Guha
University at Buffalo

Amit Nayar

Amy Jo Kim
Game Thinking Corp


Anand Gupta
Infi Uk Ltd

Anand Ranganathan

Andi Miller

Andre Pratama Putra

Andrea Slomp

Andreas Beger

Andreas Carlos Freund
Columbia University

Andreas Raster

Andrei Maxim

Andres Correa Casablanca

Andrew Acomb

Andrew Beyer

Andrew C. Russell

Andrew Coy
Digital Harbor Foundation

Andrew Fisher

Andrew H. Randall

Andrew Hoefling

Andrew Hurst

Andrew Jesse Connell
University of Pennsylvania

Andrew Jones

Andrew Larsson

Andrew Male

Andrew Manoske

Andrew Mao

Andrew McRae

Andrew Nickerson

Andrew Phillips

Andrew Ritter

Andrew VanderVeen

Andrew W. Buchanan

Andrew Warren

Andrey Bolibrukh

Andrey Lebedev

André Knörig
PCH Innovations

André Mentler

André Rocha

Andrés Blas Pujadas

Andy Hertzfeld

Angel Lomeli

Angelo Di Paolo

Anna Lee

Anshuman Kanetkar
Tooring Analytics

Anthony Adams

Anthony F Worm
Hofstadter Inc

Anthony Maki

Anthony Nedumgottil
Vail Systems

Anton Bakker

Anton Ekblad

Anton Motylev

Antonio Mendes Silva

Antonio Terreno

Aram Zucker-Scharff

Arden Hawley

Ari Bezman

Ariadne Conill
Alpine Linux core developer

Arjun Madan

Arnaud Limbourg

Arnoud Zwemmer

Aron Peterson

Artemiy Utekhin

Asad Ateeque

Asbjørn Bjørnstad

Asger Arentoft

Ashley Alfred Thoms Hull

Ashley Joost

Ashley Nelson
Fastly, Inc.

Ashwin Hariharan

Asim Ihsan

Aswin Alexander

Atallah Hezbor

Audrey Randall

Aur Saraf

Aurélien Pelletier

Austin Lowe

Austin Orth

Austin Schaffer
Everactive / Georgia Tech OMSCS

Austin Webrr

Austin Willis

Aymeric Augustin
Qonto, Django Software Foundation

Balaji Sivaraman

Baris Ceylan

Barrett W Nuzum

Bart Heupers

Bartlomiej Wronski

Bartosz Chmiel

Basile Starynkevitch

Beccy Kirk

Ben Barg

Ben Burnes
US Bank

Ben Crowder

Ben Delarre

Ben Giddings

Ben Gummoe

Ben Jones

Ben Morris

Ben Perez

Ben Ramsey

Ben Sandofsky
Lux Optics

Ben Slinger

Ben Thompson

Benjamin Brittain

Benjamin Friedman Wilson

Benjamin Haube

Benjamin Huston
Google Cloud

Benjamin Karas

Benjamin Tisdall
Mobimeo GmbH

Bennett Mendis
Accenture Federal Services

Bernat Esquirol

Berrak Nil Boya

Bert Bullough
Ally Financial

Bertrand Mollinier Toublet

Berwyn Jamesson

Bhargav Nookala

Bignet Pierrick

Bill Hofmann

Bill ODonnell

Bill Shirley

Bill Weiss

Bill Wert

Bion Johnson

Blain Smith

Boabdil Perez
Network to Code

Bob Aman

Bob Seeman

Bobby Williams
City Councilor, Keene, New Hampshire

Bogdan Lica

Borja Gómez

Bouke Timbermont
Netherlands Forensic Institute

Brad Greenlee

Brad Lhotsky

Brad Tilley

Bradley D Musolff

Bram Geron

Brandeis H. Marshall
DataedX Group

Brandon Blatter

Brandon Downey
Niantic, Inc.

Brandon Johnson

Brandon Mitchell

Brandon Olin

Brandon Segal
Capital One

Brandon West

Brantly McCord
Purdue Polytechnic Institute

Braxton Ehle

Brendan Humphreys

Brendan J. McCollam

Brendan O’Leary

Brenden Niedermeyer

Brenna Flood

Brent Wheeldon

Brett Davidson
Ceros Inc.

Brett G Porter

Brian Markley
University of Alberta

Brian Castro

Brian D Klaas

Brian Ferrell
Waymo LLC

Brian Flanagan

Brian Hicks

Brian Hogg

Brian Jacobowski

Brian Jenkins

Brian Lane

Brian Peiris

Brian Roberts

Brian Suk

Brian T. Rice

Brian Wyss

Brian Tajuddin

Bridgette Reisinger

Brittany Friedman
Gearbox Software

Bruce K Wells

Bruce Sigmon
Cisco (retired)

Bruno Antunes

Bruno Czekay

Bruno Felix

Bruno Panasiewicz

Bruno Renié

Bryan Jones

Bryan Lau
Columbia University

Buck Lomas

Bunny Hanlon

C. Scott Ananian
Wikimedia Foundation

Caleb Hearth
Test Double

Calvin Beck
University of Pennsylvania

Calvin Metcalf

Calvin Webster

Cam Jackson

Cameron Gilbert

Cameron Huysmans

Cameron Kilgore

Cameron King

Cameron Momtaz
Rai Technology Inc.

Cameron Morgan

Cara Mitchell

Carl Malartre

Carl Morris

Carl-Gustaf Harroch

Carlos Juan Martín Pérez
gridshield.com / uees.edu.sv / recainsa.org

Carlos Pero

Carlos Villalba

Carlos Villanueva

Carsten Agger
Magenta Aps, Free Software Foundation Europe

Carter Allen

Carter Peterson

Cathal Mooney

Chad Burt
University of California Santa Barbara

Chad Scherrer
Informative Prior, LLC

Chanci Dickson

Chandos Etchison

Charles E. Grant

Charles Hollingsworth

Charles King

Charles Sprayberry

Charles Young

Charlotte Cabrera
University of Oklahoma

Chester Li

Chip Locke

Chip Warden
Cox Automotive

Chris Cortez

Chris Dary

Chris Earle

Chris Feldmann

Chris Gamble

Chris Goold
Ausmash / Frankenstories

Chris Harrelson

Chris Hennick
Amazon Web Services

Chris Hoffman
Radius Networks

Chris Jarmul

Chris Kozak

Chris Lauritzen

Chris McClinch

Chris Palmer

Chris Reckinger

Chris Riley

Chris Thompson
Portland Timbers and Thorns FC

Chris Weigert

Chris Woytowitz

Christian Bustamante

Christian Cmehil-Warn
MIT Technology and Policy Program

Christian Hoge

Christian Hujer
Nelkinda Software Craft Pvt Ltd

Christian Kjær Larsen

Christina Tang

Christopher Agocs

Christopher Avila

Christopher D. Parks
CrowdStrike, Inc.

Christopher Duerr

Christopher Elion

Christopher Ferris

Christopher Hogan

Christopher J. W. Lloyd
Amazon.com, Inc.

Christopher Lepkowski
Pretty Big Monster

Christopher Lynch

Christopher Pitt

Christopher Pittsley
Alebra Technologies Incorporated

Christopher Schmidt

Christopher Shaffer

Christopher Wittlinger

Clemens Krack

Clemens Vasters

Clinton Ingram
.NET Foundation

Clyde DeSouza

Colin Douch

Colin Edwards
Recursive Penguin

Colin Tress

Collin Cusce

Collin Henderson

Collin McNulty
Astronomer, Inc

Connor Leech

Connor Shea

Conor Doyle

Corey Fisher

Corin Hill

Cory Sullivan

Courtney Rosenthal

Craig Fisher

Craig Kolb

Craig McNamara

Craig Neth

Craig Peters

Craig Tozzi

Cristobal Duran
Instabox AB

Curt Micol

Cyrille Dupuydauby

Cyrus Hall

D. Erik Goodman

Dale Emmons

Damian Lewis
Team Netsol

Damien Guard

Dan Ernst

Dan Federman

Dan FitzPatrick

Dan Goodman

Dan Greenblatt

Dan Johnson
Blizzard Entertainment

Dan Kloke
Synthetic Systems LLC

Dan Nell

Dan Starner

Dana Liss

Daniel Crosta
Dropbox, Inc

Daniel Fremont
University of California, Santa Cruz

Daniel Gartmann

Daniel Gordon
Lockheed Martin

Daniel Heitmann

Daniel Marti

Daniel Merritt

Daniel Nazareth

Daniel Neagaru

Daniel R. Warner

Daniel Shayman
InRule Technology

Daniel Slater

Daniel Stafford
Dell Technologies

Daniel Stamer

Daniel Veihelmann

Daniel Álvarez

Danny Page

Danël Franke

Daren Chapin

Darien Morales

Darin Smith
Cisco Systems

Darlene Clyburn

Darren Gasser

Davanum Srinivas

Dave Lambert

Dave Neary

Dave Raybould
Leeds Beckett university

Dave Townsend

David A. Ramos, Ph.D.

David Balatero

David Beazley

David Benjamin

David Bishop

David Brown

David Bullock
Web, Power and Light

David Burkhardt

David Chase

David Cobb

David Cornu

David Dunham

David E. Wheeler
The New York Times

David G. Andersen
Professor, Carnegie Mellon University

David Golumbia
Virginia Commonwealth University

David H. Clements

David Halperin

David Heard

David J. Fiddes

David Johnston

David Jones

David Katz

David McNelis

David McNett

David Murphy

David Pederson

David Powell

David Raleigh

David S. H. Rosenthal

David Stern

David Trejo

David Truan

David Walker Eacho

David Whitney

David Winterbottom
Octopus Energy

David Worth

Dax Raad

Denis Brækhus

Denis Defreyne

Dennis Bailey

Dennis Foley

Dennis Hostetler

Dennis Schubert

Deovrat Singh

Derek Kraan
Moose Code BV

Derek Mansen
Vistar Media

Derek Pennycuff

Devesh Parekh

Devin Mullins

Devon Deonarine

Devon Yates

Diana Fulger

Didier Raboud

Dimitri Sophinos

Dimitri Tcaciuc

Dinis Correia


Dion Bramley

Dionna Glaze
Google LLC

Dirk-Jan Swagerman

Domingo Flores

Dominik D. Freydenberger

Don McNeil

Donal Hurley

Donald Ball

Donnie Barnes
Ocelot Wrangler, LLC

Dorothea Salo

Doug Rohrer
Apple, Inc.

Douglas Boldt
Amazon Web Services

Douglas Patriarche

Douglas Smith

Dr. Andres Guadamuz
University of Sussex, UK

Dr. Catherine Flick
De Montfort University, Staffordshire University, ACM Committee on Professional Ethics

Dr. Ian Brown
Visiting professor, Fundaçao Getulio Vargas, Brazil

Dr. Richard Clayton
Cambridge Cybercrime Centre, University of Cambridge

Dr. Robert F.D. Stansfield

Dr. Dirk Husemann

Dr. Jan Köhnlein

Dr. Jens Oehlschlägel

Dr. Michael Vollmer
University of Kent

Drew Miller

Drew Showalter

Duane F. King

Dustin Dean Morgan
Oklahoma Office of Management and Enterprise Services

Dustin Tran

Dwayne Codrington

Dylan Bannon

Dylan Jones
George Mason University

Dylan Vassallo

Dylan Vrana
Green Hills Software

Dylan Wolter

Dzmitry Kharchykau

Eckhart Richter

Ed Sweeney

Ed Zitron

Eduard de Jong

Edward Broyles

Edwin van Raaij

Eerke Boiten

Effy Elden

Egil Kvaleberg

Ekaterina Damer

Eldar Marcussen

Eldar Shamukhamedov

Eli Gundry

Eli Strauss-Reis
Stanford University

Elias Andreassen Thøgersen

Elijah Glover

Elijah Wilson
Noteable, Inc.

Elliana May

Ellie de Villiers

Emerson Simbolon

Emil Dragańczuk

Emiliano De Cristofaro
University College London

Emiliano Sandri

Emily Ellis

Emma Brown

Emma C.Humphries

Emma Stamm, Ph.D.
Villanova University

Enrico Cofler

Enrico Polanski

Enrique Benítez Palma

Er Galvão Abbott

Erdem Yurdanur

Eric Beard

Eric J Walk
Perficient, Inc.

Eric Kelly

Eric Lin

Eric Lund

Eric Mancini

Eric Peterson

Erik Hansen

Erik Kirkegaard
Rebellion Defense

Erik LaBianca

Erik Westenbroek

Erika von Kampen
Best Buy

Eris Koleszar
Giant Squid

Ernie Miller

Erwin Wessels

Esther Lumsdon

Esther Weidauer

Ethan Glasser-Camp

Eugene H. Spafford
Purdue University

Eugenio Tisselli

Evan Colvin

Evan Samanas

Evgenii Kuznetcov

F Justin Horton

Fabian R Lischka

Fabio Franchino

Fabio A. Correa

Fabio Manganiello
Flexport, ex-Adyen, ex-Booking.com

Fabián Mosso

Fabrice Breton

Fagani Hajizada

Faiz Mirza
California State University, Los Angeles and Beyond Limits AI

Felix Nolte

Fernando Cosso
Dassault Systemes

Fernando Freire

Filip Maj

Flaviu Tamas

Foone Turing

Frank Harland

Franklin Yonkers

François Paulhiac

Fred Benenson

Fred Grim
Apple Inc.

Friedrich Lindenberg

G. Malcolm Schreiber
Money Design Co., Inc.

Gabor Attila Sztupak
Funding Circle Ltd.

Gabriel Jacoby-Cooper
Apple, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Gabriel Jones

Gal Tsubery

Gareth McCall

Garrett Westhoven

Garrick Villaume
Physical Systems Inc

Gavin Bisesi

Gedalia Pasternak

Gene Chuang
CTO Slackers

Geoff Miller

Geoff Snowman

Geoffrey Baehr
Almaz Capital

Geoffrey M. Arnold

Georg Zoeller

George Polak

George V. Reilly

George Weatherly

George White

Gerald Benischke

Gerald Combs

Gerald Hu

Gerard Nunez

Gerardo Lijs

Gerd Kamp

Gergely Orosz

Giorgio Marinelli

Giovanni Bassi

Glen E P Ropella
tempus dictum

Glenn Hope

Glyph Lefkowitz

Goran Maksimovski

Goran Nesic

Graham Christensen

Grant Forrest

Grant Mcinnes

Greg Beech

Greg Knauss

Greg Parker

Greg Wogan-Browne
Block (Afterpay)

Gregor Bransky
Layer 9 Solutions

Gregor Petrin

Gregory Terzian

Gunnar Djurberg
Djurberg Systemintegration AB

Gurden Batra

Gustavo Franco

Gustavo Moura

Gustavo Noronha
Collabora Ltd.

Guy Templeton

Gwen Sigrid Lofman
Rockstar Games

Haldean Brown
Pixar Animation Studios

Hannah Pascal MBCS

Hannes Moser

Hariharan Iyer

Haris Khan

Harlan Haskins

Harold Modesto

Harrison Brown

Harsh Shandilya

Hassan Khan

Hayden Bailey
O3 World

Hector Dearman

Helmut Garstenauer

Hendrik Stiwr

Henry Chen

Henry Schroy

Herbert Van de Sompel
Ghent University

Howard Butler
Hobu, Inc.

Hyatt Bao

Ian Bicking

Ian Denhardt

Ian Hutchinson

Ian McCown
Blizzard Entertainment

Ian McIntyre

Ibrahim Cesar

Ice Jovanoski
Mister Spex SE

Ignas Namajunas

Igor Marta

Ilya Margolin

Imran Remtulla

Ingomar Otter
Valtech Mobility GmbH

Iqbal Farabi

Isaak Yansane
Meta Platforms

Itamar Afek

Itamar Priel
Ontar-Run Ltd.

Ivan Naranjo
Google Inc.

Ivo Gatzinski

J Louis Pearson
Trinity College Dublin

J Paul Gibson

J William Macaulay

J.P. Hutchins
Open Energy View

Jaap Boender
Hensoldt Cyber GmbH

Jack Danger

Jack Heart

Jack Kuperman

Jacky Alcine

Jacob Covington

Jacob de Haan

Jacob DiMare

Jacob Gillespie

Jake Teton-Landis
Notion Labs, Inc

Jakub Hampl

Jakub Kozłowski
Disney Streaming

James Bowler

James Burton

James Cash

James Cooper
University of Waterloo (ON)

James Dawson Brock
Cross Compass Ltd., Tokyo

James E. Harris, Jr

James Gallagher

James Gosling
Java Developer

James Holland

James Hsiao
Intuit Mailchimp

James Igoe

James King

James LaPlaine

James Meickle

James Nicholas Turton

James Ritts

James Seppi

James Socol

Jamie Duncan

Jamie Hamilton
Jamie Hamilton

Jamie Mutton

Jan Kaiser

Jan Schaumann

Jani Evâkallio

Janne Härkönen

Jannis Leidel
Python Software Foundation

Jansi Zwarts

Jared Stock

Jarrad Connor
Silicon Valley Insurance Accelerator

Jason C Daniels

Jason Carreira

Jason E. Robinson
Auspex Labs Inc.

Jason Hoffmann

Jason Kunesh

Jason Martens

Jason Seo
Samsung SDS

Jason Smith

Jason Terk

Javier Guerra

Jay Paroline

JB Steadman

Jean Hominal

Jeevjyot Chhabda

Jeff Craig

Jeff Doctor
Animikii Indigenous tech

Jeff Eaton
Autogram LLP

Jeff Gunther

Jeff Schulman
Penn State University

Jeff Siver

Jeffrey M Hodges
Color Health

Jeffrey Pritchard

Jeffrey Wieland

Jeffrey Yasskin
Google Chrome

Jenine Turner-Trauring

Jennifer Moore

Jens Brueckner

Jens Kristensen

Jeremiah Miller

Jeremy Abel

Jeremy Bicha

Jeremy Blackburn
Binghamton University

Jeremy Kun

Jeremy Meiss

Jeremy Ong

Jeremy Wall

Jerry Lin

Jesper Hauge

Jesse Jafa

Jesse O’Neill-Oine
Founder: Refactr, SmartThings, One Tap Away

Jesse Weinstein

Jessica Collins

Jessica West

Jessie Cain

Jesus Bello

Jez Humble

Jim Bahls

Jim Musana

Joachim Mairböck
RISC Software GmbH

Joanna J. Bryson
Hertie School, Centre for Digital Governance

Joe Beda

Joe Purdy

Joel Bernstein

Joel Burton
Rithm School

Joel Levi Hernández Fernández
Somus OÜ

Joel Parish

Joel Patel

Joel Squire
Bank of America

Joel Woznicki

Joerg Beekmann

Joeseph Paul Smith

John A. Kunze
University of California

John Alberse
Garmin International

John Barker

John Baylor

John Best
Kent State University

John Drinkwater

John Duksta

John Galvin

John Gossman

John H McNair
University of Tennessee

John Hofman
The Walt Disney Corporation

John Ketchpaw

John Lund-Molfese

John Mark Walker

John Patrick Lindsey

John S. Barton

John SJ Anderson

John Stiles

John Sundman

John Victor Kew II
Tableau Software

John Wiggins

John Yeary
Purdue University

John-Anthony Geraci Thevos
Octopus Energy

Johnathon Root
Rev.com, Inc.

Jon Alper

Jon Atkinson
Giant Digital

Jon Callas

Jon Craton
Anderson University

Jon Frisby
Thryve, LLC

Jon Gill

Jon Grov, PhD
University of Oslo

Jon Henshaw

Jon Latané

Jon Lipsky

Jon Maltiel Swenson

Jon Sequeira

Jonas Alves
A/B Smartly

Jonas Eriksson

Jonas Follesø

Jonas Göke

Jonas Schiffl
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Jonas Vautherin

Jonathan Dowland
Newcastle University

Jonathan Fetter-Degges

Jonathan G Harris, PHD, CFA

Jonathan G. Pallant

Jonathan Haddad

Jonathan Hochman
Hochman Consultants

Jonathan Huie

Jonathan King

Jonathan Klaassen

Jonathan Madden
Dept Agency

Jonathan Opacich
Open Systems Yechnologies

Jonathan Richards
TD Bank

Jonathan Stevens
Hypixel Studios

Jonathan W. Hendry

Jonathon Klobucar
Apple Inc

Jordan Tigani

Jorge Hernandez
Encora Inc.

Joscha Metze

Josep Ruano-Bou

Joseph Griego

Joseph Holley

Joseph Lamoree

Joseph Marques

Joseph Nichols

Joseph Nuthalapati

Joseph R Miles

Joseph Young
Kuvio Creative

Josh Anderson

Josh Faust

Josh Levinger
Spacedog XYZ LLC

Josh Schairbaum

Josh Slocum

Josh Thomas

Joshua Collins

Joshua Gray

Joshua Hull

Joséphine B. Altzman
Goldman Sachs

Joël Franusic

JP LeBreton

Juan Moyano

Juan Pablo Buriticá

Juan Qin
China Blockchain Research Institute

Julia O'Toole
Mycena Limited

Julian Doherty

Julian Finn

Julian Kirsten Arni

Julian Laubstein

Julian Schrittwieser
Google DeepMind

Julian Wolf

Julien Ellie
Amazon Web Services

Julio C. Ortega

Justin Ashworth

Justin B. Overfelt

Justin Drew

Justin Frank
University of Maryland

Justin Frankel

Justin Garrison

Justin Gilnan

Justin Green

Justin Mazzocchi

Justin Ribeiro

Justin Sheets

Justin Yorke

Jyrki Vesterinen

Jérémy Rousseau

Kai Chen

Karl Parkinson

Karoly Negyesi

Kat Cosgrove

Katherine McKinley
Woven Planet Holdings, Inc

Kathleen Tafel

Kathy Reid
Australian National University

Katrin Leinweber

Kavon Farvardin

Kazuyoshi Kato

Kees-Jan van der Kolk
Life Science Methods

Keith A. Lewis

Keith Avery

Keith Mattix II

Keith Mitchell

Kelly Walker
Kaiser Permanente

Ken Ackerson

Ken Goldsholl
xsact, inc. transact.io

Ken Horn

Kenneth Brucker

Kent Reese

Kestral Gaian
London Interdisciplinary School

Kevin Bradley Dsouza
University of British Columbia

Kevin Bush

Kevin Doyle

Kevin Kolk

Kevin Marks

Kevin McGrath

Kevin Miller
University of California, San Francisco

Kevin Neely

Kevin Riggle

Kevin Rowland

Kevin Schultz

Kevin Wittek
RWTH Aachen University

Kieron Lawson

Kilian Gebhardt

Kim Crawley

Kim Crayton
Kim Crayton LLC

Kousik Nandy

Kris Audrey Nóva

Kristian Johansson

Kristian Thy
IT University of Copenhagen alumni

Kristján Valur Jónsson

Kristoffer Kleine

Kristofor Carle

Krzysztof Cieslak

Krzysztof Kosinski

Kyle E. Mitchell
Technology Attorney

Kyle Hunt

Kyle Pekosh

Kyle Pitzen
Known Global

Lacey Kasten

Ladd Van Tol

LaJay Norvell

Larry Dunkelman

Larry Garfield

Lars Eidnes

Lars Knoll

Laura Houlberg
Momentive AI (creator of SurveyMonkey)

Lauren Allansmith

Laurence (Buzz) Andersen
Fable, Inc.

Layke Austin Findley

Lee Avital

Lee Hambley

Lee Ourand

Lee Schumacher

Lee Scott Price

Lei Wang

Leif Gensert
Triumph Pay

Lennart Grahl

Leo Robinovitch

Leon Miller-Out

Le Qian Liang

Liam Pett

Liana G. Mancini

Liron Shapira

Liz Fong-Jones

Liz Rice

Logan Pulley

Lorenzo Gabriele

Lou Browne
University of Pennsylvania

Louis E Ingenthron
Ingenthron Engineering, LLC.

Louis Russo

Luc Tielen

Lucas DiCioccio

Luciano Ramalho
Python Software Foundation Fellow

Luigi Frassato

Luis De Avila

Luis Felipe Hussin Bento

Luis Grass
Foresight Mental Health

Luis Mercado

Luka Jaocobowitz

Luke Alexander

M. David Schwarz

M. Paul Weeks
Tough Love Arena

Maciej Deręgowski

Maciej Pękala

Macklin Hartley

Madhu Iyengar

Magnus Bakken

Magnus Holmes

Mairhofer Stefan

Makara Sok

Mando Escamilla
Gradient Works

Manoj Krishnasamy

Mansi Parikh

Mansour Mahboubi

Manu Mohan

Manuel Bernhardt

Marc Boorshtein
Tremolo Security

Marc Goodner

Marc Tremsal

Marc Kwiatkowski
Former Facebook/Meta

Marc Worrell

Marcello Galhardo

Marcello Urbani
Basis Technologies

Marcelo Prates

Marcin Tustin

Marco Bello

Marco Guajardo
University of Texas at Austin

Marco Perone

Marco Pivetta
Roave, LLC

Marcus Grant

Margaret Gel

Margaret Pearce

Margaret Ó Dorchaidhe

Margarita Manterola
Debian GNU/Linux

Marian Goldeen

Maricris Villareal

Mario Gomez

Marius Kallhardt

Mark Blake

Mark Cox

Mark Greenslade
Casper Association

Mark Hemmings

Mark Mandel

Mark Nottingham

Mark O Mcadam

Mark Pieszak

Mark Schmidt

Mark W Winterrowd
Google Research

Mark Walling

Marquis Kurt

Marshall Bowers

Marshall Robin

Martin Barry

Martin Biely

Martin Fitzpatrick

Martin Fowler

Martin Gladdish

Martin Pagh Ludvigsen

Martin Pittenauer

Martin Pool

Martin Schütte

Martin Steinmann

Martin Zielinski
Yaak Technologies

Martin Zinkin
Riskpath Limited

Marwan Sulaiman

Massimo Banzi

Mat Velloso

Matt DiCarlo

Matt Dragon
Charity Navigator

Matt Gambogi

Matt Lewis

Matt Schaar

Matt Silbernagel

Matt Stupple

Matteo Vaccari

Matthew Bentley

Matthew Brady

Matthew DeKrey

Matthew Holt
Caddy Web Server

Matthew Kolosick
University of California, San Diego

Matthew Krupczak
Certified Kubernetes Administrator

Matthew Macomber
University of Illinois

Matthew Mark Miller

Matthew Pletcher

Matthew Ramina

Matthew Reider

Matthew Snider

Matthew Williams

Matthew Wills

Mauricio Dominguez

Max Morlocke

Maximillian Brustkern
Equinix Metal

Maya Bonkowski

Megan L. McNulty

Melanie Bilbrey

Meredith H

Micah Alles

Michael A. Smith
Syapse, Inc

Michael Allen

Michael B Devine

Michael Bayne

Michael Berganovsky

Michael Blake
Home Lending Pal

Michael Brown

Michael Chletsos

Michael Cordover

Michael De Rosa

Michael Dewberry

Michael Droettboom

Michael Engard

Michael Fu

Michael Furst

Michael Giuffrida

Michael Haight

Michael Harris

Michael Hurwitz

Michael Irwin

Michael J Coyne

Michael Kämmerer

Michael Liebhold
Institute for the Future

Michael Lynch

Michael May

Michael Narciso

Michael Odden

Michael Ralston

Michael Rikeman
GoTo Group Inc

Michael Rose
Google, Inc.

Michael Rowbotham

Michael Schoonmaker

Michael Shimniok

Michael Simons
Neo4j, Inc.

Michael Snook

Michael Solberg

Michael Strasser

Michael Thacker

Michael Thole

Michael Wasson

Michael Watson

Michel Floyd

Michel Schinz

Michela Ledwidge

Michele Pittoni

Michele Scandura

Michiel Nuyts

Miguel Duarte

Mihai Miuta

Mikael Voss
nyantec GmbH

Mike Carlucci

Mike Madland

Mike Wyman

Miles Sabin

Mitch Anderson

Miłosz Kosobucki

Mohamed Elsherif

Molly Sheets

Morgan Bird
Drip Global

Moritz Adler

Morten Rand-Hendriksen

Moses Mugisha

Mozart Hasse

Muhammad Taaha

Munly Leong
Easy Mode

Murdho Savila
IPRally Technologies Oy

Naadir Jeewa

Nantas Nardelli
Carbon Re / University of Oxford

Naoki Hiroshima

Nat Budin

Nate Finch

Nathan Anderson

Nathan Cassee

Nathan Dudley

Nathan Maynes

Nathanael Strong

Nathaniel Barnes

Nathaniel J. Smith

Navid Jalali

Navin Nair

Navneet Joneja

Nelson Menezes

Neville Kuyt

Nicholas Bishop

Nicholas Dronen

Nicholas Gerard

Nicholas Lyon

Nicholas Pedalino

Nicholas Pegg

Nicholas Welp
Elevation Energy

Nicholas Wilke

Nick Paul

Nick Pollard

Nick Randall

Nick Rycar

Nicklas Frahm

Nicola Pedot

Nicolas Bitar
Université Paris-Saclay

Nicolas Kerdelhué

Nicolas Noble

Nicolas Ward
Amazon Web Services

Nicolas Évrard

Niels Callesøe

Nik Clayton

Nikolai Weh
Google LLC

Nikolaos Tsagkas

Niloy Gupta
Affirm, Carnegie Mellon University

Nils Ohlmeier

Nitin Pai
Takshashila Institution, India

Noah Kennedy

Noah Richards

Noble Ackerson

Norman Yamada

NR Ogden

Ofer Halevi

Olaf Bey

Oleksiy Kovyrin

Oliver Marienfeld

Olivier Matrot

Omar Dimachkie

Onur Cakmak

Oren Levine

Oscar Estrada

Oscar Salguero

Osvaldo Pinali Doederlein

Owen Lynch
Topos Institute

Owen Mathews

Owen O'Leary

Owen Raccuglia

Owen Sanders

Pablo Meier

Pablo Rauzu
Université Paris 8

Paolo De Rosa

Paolo Urciullo

Parker McComas
University of Michigan

Patricio Cano

Patricio Funes

Patrick Ellul

Patrick Goldmann

Patrick Hulce

Patrick J. Beam

Patrick Nicholson
Chan Zuckerberg Initiative

Patrick O’Doherty

Patrick Reynolds

Patrick Smith

Patrick Thomson
GitHub, Inc.

Paul Barker

Paul Biggar

Paul Blankinship

Paul Browning
University of Birmingham

Paul Butler
Drifting in Space Corp

Paul Campbell

Paul Cantrell
Macalester College

Paul Chang

Paul Chiusano

Paul Choi

Paul Graydon

Paul Haahr

Paul Klinger

Paul Kuliniewicz

Paul Ramsey

Paul Slocum

Paul Stenius

Paul-Louis Ageneau

Paulo Lopes

Pavel Trunecek

Pedro Saboia

Pere Villega

Peter Clark Labadorf
Bob Jones University

Peter Cripps

Peter Desnoyers
Northeastern University, Associate Professor

Peter DiSalvo

Peter Foot

Peter Gordon

Peter Huene

Peter Korsbäck

Peter Linss
Netscape developer / Co-chair W3C TAG

Peter Liske

Peter Parisi

Peter Sabaini

Phil Gross

Phil J Greer

Phil Nash

Phil Park
Advanced Micro Devices

Phil Pearl
Ravelin Technology Ltd

Phil White

Philip Gillißen

Philip Kendall
Disney Streaming

Philipp Pfeiffenberger

Philipp Ruediger
Anaconda Inc.

Philippe Duchesne

Phillip Carter

Phillip Fenstermacher

Pier Fumagalli

Pierre Lison
Norwegian Computing Center

Pierre Serafini

Pieter Lange

Pietro Stroia

Pinar Olguc
Banking/Fintech/Internet Services

Piper Horscroft

Pippa Brooks

Polina Giralt

Poonam Hattangady

Prakash Kumar

Prasant Acharya

Praveen Kumar Telugu

Professor Martyn Thomas CBE
Gresham College

Quentin Blasingame
William Thomas Digital

Quintin Smith
People Make Games

Rachid El Guerrab

Rafael Garcia-Suarez

Rahul Mishra

Rainer Rehak
Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society

Ralph Squillace

Ramesh Dharan

Randy Locklair

Randy Reddig
Founding team, Square

Randy Reitz

Randy Saldinger

Rasmus Wätjen

Ravi A Giri

Ray Cologon
NightWing Enterprises

Raymond J. Greenwell

Reid Priedhorsky
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Remi Despres-Smyth
Journeyman Software Consulting Inc.

Remie Bolte

Reubem Dunnington

Reuben Walker
Mobile Atom Media

Rhys Wilkins

Rian Douglas
Google LLC

Riccardo Busetti

Rich Curtis

Rich Hanson

Rich Kulawiec

Rich Unger

Richard J. Marisa
Cornell University

Richard Meredith
Plausible Concept AB

Richard Sanders Jr

Richard Thomas
RET Consulting Pty Ltd

Richard Wendel III

Rick Fletcher

Ridley Combs

Rijk van Zanten

Rikhav Shah
UC Berkeley

RJ Smith

Rob Egrot
Mahidol University, Faculty of ICT

Rob Relyea

Robbie Ostrow

Robert A. Napier

Robert B. Lyon
Legato Systems, Inc.

Robert Barton

Robert Berry

Robert Carleton White, Jr.
WhiteStar Corporation

Robert Collins

Robert Forsman

Robert J. Vince

Robert Lord

Robert Miles

Robert Postill

Robert Reitenbach

Robert Shropshire

Robert Wheeler

Robert Wyland-Chavez
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Roberto Pedroso

Rodolfo Josué Hernández Chavarría

Rodrigo Bozzolo

Roel van der Ven

Roger Boardman

Roger Cowles

Roger Hunt
Idea Trek LLC

Roger Ogden

Romain Robbes
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano

Roman Kofman

Roman Stoffel

Ron Pressler

Ronald Raffensperger

Rory Aptekar

Ross Boucher

Ross Nelson

Roy Brokvam

Ruby Khan
Columbia University

Rubén Fernández
Ecopower Academy Northern Europe AB

Runshan Chen

Rupert Kenneth Shuttleworth

Russell Lewis

Ryan Barrett

Ryan Boehning

Ryan Broman
California State University, Sacramento

Ryan Brott

Ryan Canty
Former Google

Ryan James Wires
Kroger Technology

Ryan Lane

Ryan Miller
Durham College

Ryan Mullett
Red Hat

Ryan Murphy
IronCore Labs

Ryan Plant

Ryan Slama

Ryan Sparks

Ryanne Dolan

S L Niemann

S.H.M. van Houten

Sagi Kedmi

Sam DeLuca

Sam Hogarth

Sam Kottler

Sam Wilson
Bainbridge Health, Inc.

Samantha Zirkin
Cross Border Civilians Foundation

Samson Adejoro

Samuel Batista

Samuel Oosterhuis

Samuel Pastva
Masaryk University

Samuel Vrech

Sarah Imrisek

Sarah Robin Boerstler

Sasa Sekulic

Scott Burton

Scott Draves

Scott Fegette

Scott Hanselman

Scott Jungling

Scott McKay

Scott Treloar

Sean Chitwood

Sean Dague

Sean Higgins
Capital One

Sean Kelly

Sean Killeen

Sean King

Sean MacRae

Seb Jacobs

Sebastian Janisz
Ultimate Walrus LLC

Sebastian Richter

Seth Angell
University Of North Carolina at Wilmington

Seth Robert Jacobs

Seth Vargo

Shakeel Mahate
Hitachi Energy

Shane Loeffler

Sharif Aly

Shawn Chanslor
Data Innovations LLC

Shawn Hargreaves

Shawn Holmes

Shayon Mukherjee

Sheridan Kates
Autonomous University of Barcelona

Sherif Hanna

Shivani Khosa

Sibin Grasic
Oblak Solutions

Simon Crosby

Simon Emms

Simon Gardner

Simon Hain
ISEC7 Software GmbH

Simon Harrison

Simon Hildebrandt

Simon Klimaschka

Simon P. Lucy
G30 Consultants Ltd

Simon Skrede
The Lovdata foundation

Simon Willison

Simone Colombo

Simone Piunno

Skye Soss
University of Chicago

Sophie Schmieg

Spencer Rudnick

Srikanth Kasukurthi

Stacy Kim

Stefan du Fresne

Stefan Hayden

Stefan Sedich

Stefan Wert

Stefane Fermigier, PhD
Abilian SAS

Stefano Saitta

Stefano Zacchiroli
Télécom Paris, Polytechnic Institute of Paris

Steffen Kamp
pixolus GmbH, Germany

Stephan Eggermont

Stephan Goergen

Stephen Amar

Stephen Avsec

Stephen Bach

Stephen Ball

Stephen Garrett
Georgia Institute of Technology

Stephen James Thomas

Stephen Latta

Stephen Marsh
The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Stephen McGregor

Stephen Morgan

Stephen Touset
Block, Inc

Steve Anichini

Steve Fenton

Steve Hart

Steven Beasley

Steven Calvert

Steven Hyland

Steven J Muchmore

Steven L. Johnson
University of Virginia

Steven N. Severinghaus

Steven Nichols
L3Harris Technologies

Steven Probst

Steven Zekowski

Stuart MacIntosh

Stuart P. Bentley

Stuart Watt

Stuart Wilson

Sudhindra Sajjal

Sumeet Rohatgi

Suzanne J. Aldrich

Suzanne Wilson

Sven Richter
Software AG

Sylvain Fankhauser

Sébastien Diemer

Søren Sjørup

Tanner Lievois

Tasman Merrick

Taylor Hunt

Ted M. Young
Former eBay, Google, and Apple Software Engineer

Ted Wexler

Tejaswi Gowda, PhD
Arizona State University

Terrence Curran

Theofilos Fokas

Thom Mahoney

Thomas Burkhart

Thomas Fenech

Thomas Fuchs

Thomas Ingram

Thomas Johansson

Thomas Manthey

Thomas Parslow

Thomas Powell
University of California, San Diego

Thomas Randolph

Thomas Renger

Thomas Shone

Thomas Svensen

Thomas Underhill

Thomas Vaughn

Thomas Vestergaard Trolle

Thorsten Reichert
IBA Dosimetry

Théophile de Segonzac

Tiago Cunha

Tierney Cyren

Till Adam

Till Klocke

Tim Allclair

Tim Capes

Tim Fish

Tim Stumbaugh
Hudson River Trading

Timo Müller

Timon Stalder

Timothy Aidley
Unity Technologies

Timothy Caro-Bruce

Timothy J Mortimer

Timothy Miller

Timothy Pletcher
Hewlett Packard Enterprise

Timothy St. Clair

Tina Hui
Follow The Coin Labs

Titus Winters

Tobias Heintz

Tobias Roland

Tod Thomson

Todd Kulesza, PhD

Tom Callaway
Amazon Web Services

Tom Churchill

Tom Humphreys
JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Tom Kirchner

Tom Ritchford
Engora, Inc

Tom Stokes

Tomasz Niedźwiedź
Wunderman Thompson Technology

Tony Scelfo

Torsten Fock-Herde

Tran Long
Cyber Space

Travis Cole

Travis Collins

Travis Hymas

Travis Kimmel

Travis Matthew Siflinger

Travis Thompson

Tre Murillo

Treussart Matthieu

Trevor Atlas

Trey Spires

Tristan Harward

Tudor Golubenco

Tyler Britten

Tyler Harpool
Jack Henry & Associates

Tyler Keating

Tyler McCraw

Tyson Mote

Ubiratan Soares
Dotanuki Labs

Ulysse Mizrahi

Umut Seven

Uri Avni

Utkarsh Gupta
Saavn Media Pvt. Ltd.

Valentin Pertuisot

Venkat Rajeev Malipeddi

Venkatesh Hegde

Victor Yodaiken

Vihar Chokshi

Vikram Mishra

Viktor Charypar
Red Badger Consulting Ltd.

Viktor Rosenfeld
Technische Universität Berlin

Vince Allen

Vince Scafaria
CEO of DotAlign

Vincent Maule

Vincent Nwonah

Vinicius Schettino
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Violet White

Virgile Robles

Vishwaja Cheruku

Vlad Zarytovskii

Víctor Rodríguez Ramón

Wade Leftwich

Wael El Oraiby

Wayne Myers

Wayne Werner

Wesley L Handy

Wilhelm Frederick Noel Lichnock
Always Be Gaming

Will Floyd

Will Osbourne

William B. Capon
American Systems

William Chad Lee

William J. Bowman
University of British Columbia

William Key

William McMullen

William Noon
Cornell University

William Perron

William Renk

William Robinson

William Sorensen

Wilson Dennison

Wilson Husin

Wouter Jonker

Wylan Werth

Xalavier Nelson Jr

Yaakov Smith

Yann Le Gars

Yasuhiro Yoshida

Yauchau Ching
IEEE Fellow, Bellcore Fellow

Yawar Quadir Amin

Yechiel Kalmenson

Yeray Diaz

Yigit Gorgulu

Yuri Barbashov

Yuval Sivan

Yuvi Panda
Project Jupyter

Zach Auten

Zach Biri

Zachary Alexander

Zachary David Sweigart

Zachary Harris

Zachary Kohnen

Zack Schultz

Zekka Nelson
Dating Group

Zellyn Hunter

Éamonn McManus

Łukasz Byjoś

External Writing and Research

The resources offered here were chosen by the authors of this letter as useful reference material only. The inclusion of a paper and/or author in this list does not constitute an endorsement of this letter of our views.

Allen, Hilary J. 2022. 'DeFi: Shadow Banking 2.0?' SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4038788.

Allen, Hilary. 2022. Driverless Finance. Oxford University Press.

Chancellor, Edward. 1999. 'Devil Take the Hindmost: A History of Financial Speculation'.

Dhawan, Anirudh, and Tālis J Putniņš. 2020. 'A New Wolf in Town? Pump-and-Dump Manipulation in Cryptocurrency Markets'. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3670714.

Dywer, Gerald P. 1996. 'Wildcat Banking, Banking Panics, and Free Banking in the United States', 20.

Chipolina, Scott. 2022. 'The Week That Shook Crypto'. Financial Times, 13 May 2022, https://www.ft.com/content/3e0a65bb-a953-433a-819e-ff29de847336.

Foley, Sean, Jonathan R Karlsen, and Tālis J Putniņš. 2019. 'Sex, Drugs, and Bitcoin: How Much Illegal Activity Is Financed through Cryptocurrencies?' The Review of Financial Studies 32 (5): 1798-1853.

Gorton, Gary B., and Jeffery Zhang. 2021. 'Taming Wildcat Stablecoins'. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3888752.

Hamrick, JT, Farhang Rouhi, Arghya Mukherjee, Amir Feder, Neil Gandal, Tyler Moore, and Marie Vasek. 2018. 'An Examination of the Cryptocurrency Pump and Dump Ecosystem'. http://ssrn.com/paper=3303365.

Hanley, Brian P. 2018. 'The False Premises and Promises of Bitcoin'. ArXiv:1312.2048 [Cs, q-Fin], July. http://arxiv.org/abs/1312.2048.

Hockett, Robert C. 2019. 'Money's Past Is Fintech's Future: Wildcat Crypto, the Digital Dollar, and Citizen Central Banking'.

Kindleberger, Charles P, Panics Manias, and A Crashes. 1996. 'History of Financial Crises'. Wiley, New York.

Kelly, Jemima. 2021. 'Why We Shouldn't Listen to Crypto "Experts"'. Financial Times, 23 June 2021. https://www.ft.com/content/26283f09-c3df-4c7e-814c-65083b063d8a.

Mehrotra, Kartikay. 2020. 'UCSF Hack Shows Evolving Risks of Ransomware in the Covid Era'. Bloomberg.Com. Bloomberg. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2020-08-19/ucsf-hack-shows-evolving-risks-of-ransomware-in-the-covid-era.

Mims, Christopher. 2022. 'NFTs, Cryptocurrencies and Web3 Are Multilevel Marketing Schemes for a New Generation - WSJ'. Wall Street Journal. 19 February 2022. https://www.wsj.com/articles/nfts-cryptocurrencies-and-web3-are-multilevel-marketing-schemes-for-a-new-generation-11645246824".

Orcutt, Mike. 2020. 'This Is How North Korea Uses Cutting-Edge Crypto Money Laundering to Steal Millions'. MIT Technology Review. MIT Technology Review. http://www.technologyreview.com/2020/03/05/916688/north-korean-hackers-cryptocurrency-money-laundering/

Popper, Nathaniel. 2020. 'Ransomware Attacks Grow, Crippling Cities and Businesses'. New York Times, February.

Schneier, Bruce. 2019. 'There's No Good Reason to Trust Blockchain Technology'. Wired Magazine. https://www.wired.com/story/theres-no-good-reason-to-trust-blockchain-technology/

Shiller, Robert J. 2017. 'What Is Bitcoin Really Worth? Don't Even Ask.' The New York Times, 15 December 2017, sec. Business. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/15/business/bitcoin-investing.html

Steele, Graham. 2021. 'The Miner of Last Resort: Digital Currency, Shadow Money and the Role of the Central Bank'. Technology and Government, Emerald Studies in Media and Communications, Forthcoming.

Taleb, Nassim Nicholas. 2021. 'Bitcoin, Currencies, and Fragility'. ArXiv:2106.14204 [Physics, q-Fin], July. http://arxiv.org/abs/2106.14204

Rosenthal, David. n.d. 'Stanford Lecture on Cryptocurrency'. Accessed 2 March 2022. https://blog.dshr.org/2022/02/ee380-talk.html .

Vries, Alex de. 2018. 'Bitcoin's Growing Energy Problem'. Joule 2 (5): 801-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joule.2018.04.016.

———. 2020. 'Bitcoin's Energy Consumption Is Underestimated: A Market Dynamics Approach'. Energy Research & Social Science 70: 101721.

Vries, Alex de, and Christian Stoll. 2021. 'Bitcoin's Growing e-Waste Problem'. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 175 (September): 105901. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.105901.

Walch, Angela. 2019. 'Deconstructing 'Decentralization': Exploring the Core Claim of Crypto Systems'. C. Brummer (Ed.), Crypto Assets: Legal and Monetary Perspectives, 1-36. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3326244

Weaver, Nicholas. 2018. 'Risks of Cryptocurrencies'. Communications of the ACM 61 (6): 20-24.

White, Molly. 2022. 'Abuse and Harassment on the Blockchain'. Molly White. 22 January 2022. https://blog.mollywhite.net/abuse-and-harassment-on-the-blockchain/.